Urban Stormwater Runoff Phosphorus Loading and BMP Treatment Capabilities

Author(s): Perry, S. ;  Garbon, J.;  Lee, B.

Continued land development through urbanization is deteriorating surface water quality. A significant concern with our limited global fresh water resources is the onset of toxic algae blooms and reduced dissolved oxygen due to continued, uncontrolled phosphorus loading from an ever increasing source, urban development. This is leading to negative ecologic, economic, and human health impacts. As a result, regulators are beginning to acknowledge the impairment of fresh water bodies, and have begun implementation of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). However, applying phosphorus related TMDLs specifically to urban stormwater runoff may not be effective without first understanding the available mechanisms and limitations involved in phosphorus treatment for stormwater applications.

To achieve high levels of permanent phosphorus removal, review of the fate and transport of Phosphorus, including both particulate-bound and dissolved phosphorus, in urban stormwater runoff is necessary. Significant field monitoring data of various stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs) exists which illustrates advantages and disadvantages of removal mechanisms, and ranges of performance variance in both conventional Best Management Practices (BMPs) as well as newer Low Impact Development (LID) applications.

Advances in phosphorus treatment technologies have recently become available and better understood, providing the ability to capture high levels of both particulate-bound and dissolved phosphorus. Amending both conventional BMPs and LID applications with engineered solutions offers increased ability to achieve existing and future phosphorus based TMDLs. These concepts, performance data and design amendments are discussed as a potential means to protect our fresh water resources from remaining eutrophication.


Technical Presentations

  • Delta Water Quality
  • Delta Water and Agriculture
  • Wetlands
  • Water Quality
  • Sediments
  • Non-Point
  • Management and Sustainability
  • Wood Treatment
  • Modeling
  • Soil and Water Treatment


Responsible Site Design: Implementing Innovative Stormwater Management Strategies

The primary goal of the workshop is to create a dynamic learning experience that examines the role of stormwater management in the built environment. The workshop will focus on integrating ecologically sound water management approaches into site design. After the workshop, attendees will be familiar with the following concepts and technical issues:

  • Knowledge of the stormwater treatment chain
  • Knowledge of the impact of land use codes on stormwater management
  • Application of a design process that mitigates the effects of stormwater on-site
  • Knowledge of the relationship between land use codes and design for innovative stormwater management


For information contact:
Jessie Schmidt
Box 9680
Mississippi State, MS 39762